What does a hair straightener consist of?

A flat iron/ straightener temporarily straightens the hair by applying heat to the hair shaft. The straightener is guided from the scalp to the ends of the hair in order to straighten the hair. The process is repeated until the straightener has been used on all sections of the hair. The hair remains straight until the next wash or unless it comes in contact with water.


A straightener consists of different parts. All these parts have various functions and contribute to the straightening process in every possible way, these are essential parts of a flat iron.

The Cord

The cord is the main source of supplying electricity to the straightener. Electricity reaches the iron through the cord/ cable and gets into the power unit. This unit runs electricity to the straightener and heats-up. An ideal straightener iron has a user-friendly and comfortable cord.

Temperature Button

For perfectly pin-straight hair, a perfect temperature limit must be set. This will give the hair a perfectly smooth finish. An ideal flat iron has a temperature setting button. Choosing the perfect temperature with this switch becomes easy.

Power Button

For a smooth power supply, a straightener has the turn on/off button. Using this one can easily turn the power on and off whenever required.

Temperature Control Display

The screen on the body indicates whether the straightener is switched on or off and also indicates the temperature of the straightener.

Heating Elements

Flat irons are constructed with heating elements that become hot when the flat iron is plugged into an electrical source and the power switched on. Some flat irons are battery-powered, in which case they heat up simply by being switched on. The electrical current from the cord or the battery is converted to heat by the heating element, and this heat is then applied to the hair.


Straightening Plates

The parts of the straightener that come into contact with the hair are called the plates are usually made of ceramic and have a different coating. There are two plates on a flat iron. The plates are located at each end of the two straight elements that make up the body of the flat iron. The plates receive the heat which is collected by the heating element and transfer the heat to the hair shaft.


Clamp and Body

Straighteners usually do not have a separate handle. Instead, they are made up of two straight elements joined together at one end by a flexible clamp. The other end of each straight element has the plates attached. The flat iron is grasped by the clamp end with each section of hair pressed between the two plates as it is being straightened.


Flat irons vary in cost depending on the features included. Flat irons with uncoated metal plates are generally the least expensive. However, most flat irons have ceramic or another form of coating on the metal plates to minimize hair damage. Flat irons also often feature a swivel cord to make it easier to maneuver the appliance. Most flat irons are designed for use with dry hair.

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